An arched foot is called a cavus foot, and it is characterized by an abnormally high arch. Walking or standing with a high-arched foot puts too much weight on the ball and heel of the foot. The symptoms of a cavus foot include pain and instability in the lower leg. It can occur in one or both feet at any age and at any stage of development. 

Symptoms 

 A cavus foot has a high arch that is visible even when the person is standing still. The signs and symptoms are: 

  • Foot calluses, whether on the ball, side, or heel 
  • Claw toes or hammertoes (bent toes) (toes clenched like a fist) 
  • Standing or walking causes discomfort 
  • It is possible to get ankle sprains because the heel is tilted inward, making the foot unstable 

Cavus foot may also cause foot drop, which is a weakening of the foot and ankle muscles that results in the foot dragging when one steps. An underlying neurologic problem is frequently the cause of foot drop. 

Risk Factors that cause high-arching foot 

It is common for cavus foot to be caused by a neurological ailment or other medical condition, such as Cerebral Palsy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Spina Bifida and Polio. Cavus foot may be a hereditary structural anomaly in other cases of cavus foot. Correct diagnosis is critical since the future course of cavus foot is heavily dependent on the underlying cause. If you have a high arch because of a neurological or medical problem, expect it to get worse with time. On the other hand, cases of cavus foot that aren’t caused by neurological problems tend to stay the same. 

Diagnosis 

The patient’s family history is taken into consideration when a diagnosis of cavus foot is made. The foot and ankle surgeon looks for a high arch and any calluses, hammertoes, or claw toes that may be present before prescribing treatment. The patient’s walking pattern and coordination are watched as the foot is tested for muscle strength. The entire limb might be evaluated if there appears to be a neurological issue. Additionally, the surgeon may examine the wear pattern on the patient’s shoes. 

It is not uncommon for doctors to order X-rays in order to get a better picture of the situation. For an in-depth neurologic evaluation, the surgeon may also send the patient to the doctor. 

National Foot Health Awareness 

April is National Foot Health Awareness Month, and according to research, approximately 20% of Americans experience at least one foot problem each year. These complications may occur as a result of a pre-existing medical condition such as obesity, diabetes, or peripheral neuropathy.  

Here are the reminders to maintain healthy foot: 

  • Inspect your feet daily, using a mirror, if necessary, for cracks, peeling, injuries, or dry skin on the bottom of your feet. This is critical if you have diabetes to avoid a wound that does not heal. 
  • You should wear shoes in public places where your feet could be scratched or cut, which could lead to an infection, athlete’s foot, or plantar warts on your feet. 
  • It’s best to buy new exercise shoes every six months or 500 miles to avoid pain in your heel and feet caused by a shoe’s inside getting worn down. 
  • Stretch your ankles, lower legs, and feet daily and before engaging in any activity to avoid injury. 
  • To avoid fungal infections, thoroughly dry your feet and between your toes after bathing. Following that, apply a light moisturizer. 
  • Avoid leaving nail polish on for a long time, because this can cause fungal toenails. 
  • Apply sunscreen to the ankles and between the toes to keep from getting sunburned or getting skin cancer. This will help you stay safe. 
  • Therefore, there is a good chance you will not be able to wear the same shoe size for the remainder of your life.  
  • Keep your weight in check because extra weight puts a lot of strain on your feet, which can cause heel or foot pain, circulatory problems, arthritis, and stress fractures. 
  • Wear supportive shoes with a low heel and custom orthotics to keep your arch in the right place. 

If you sustain a foot, ankle, or toe injury, do not attempt to treat it yourself; instead, schedule an appointment with your podiatrist at Doral Health with contact number 347-955-3463. The sooner you seek treatment, the better. 

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